Chronology: 1925 – Bauhaus moves to Dessau

Bauhaus

teachers and students address a joint letter to the thuringian government, declaring their intent to leave the bauhaus together.

feininger, klee and muche hold talks with fritz hesse (advised by anhalt conservation officer ludwig grote) on the relocation of the bauhaus to dessau.

an evening of dance by gret palucca at the german national theatre in weimar wins a rapturous response from klee, kandinsky and moholy-nagy. wassily kandinsky makes analytical drawings based on photos of palucca leaps.

dessau city council resolves to take over the bauhaus, with the municipal administration, the social democrats and the democrats in favour and the right against (26 votes to 15). the bauhaus takes its leave of weimar with a final fling. the fiscal committee of dessau council approves the erection of the bauhaus building (walter gropius).

official start of classes in dessau. all masters of form except marcks move to dessau, while former students now junior masters take over the workshops, abolishing the subdivision of the teaching staff into masters of craft and masters of form (artists): josef albers ("vorkurs"), herbert bayer (typography), marcel breuer (furniture), hinnerk scheper (mural painting), joost schmidt (sculpture), gunta stölzl (weaving). classes are held at the municipal school of arts, crafts and manual trades pending completion of the bauhaus building, while the workshops are based in storerooms at a mail order firm. 

the first of the series of bauhaus books appears with works penned by gropius ("international architecture"), paul klee, adolf meyer, oskar schlemmer, piet mondrian, theo van doesburg and lászló moholy-nagy.

the bauhaus masters pay a visit to zschornewitz power station. visits to industry and landscapes (klee is enraptured by wörlitz) are part and parcel of teaching at the bauhaus. the bauhaus in dessau switches to the lower case in all its writings.

at talks in weimar gropius secures the rights of ownership for the dessau bauhaus of all items produced in the bauhaus workshops up to 1st april 1925. the bauhaus band and bauhaus students join in the new objectivity festival at burg giebichenstein school of arts and crafts in halle.

bauhaus ltd. is incorporated to market the products developed by the bauhaus. topping-out ceremony for the masters’ houses, first surrealist painting exhibition in paris including works by paul klee.

Politics

death of the president of the german reich, friedrich ebert, paul von hindenburg succeeds him. nsdap re-founded (270,000 members)

locarno conference, a move to safeguard peace in europe

the annual number of owner-occupied and rented dwellings completed as detached, semi-detached or multi-family houses in non-perimeter block developments rises from 106,502 in 1925 to 317,682 in 1929.

growing urbanisation: 26.8 % of germans live in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants in 1925, 30.4 % in 1933.

Science, Technology and Arts

television technology takes off in germany, werner heisenberg and others develop quantum mechanics.

literature: "manhattan transfer" by john dos passos, "inquisiciones" by jorge luis borges.

theatre and music: "wozzeck" by alban berg, george balanchine takes over ballets russes in paris.

film: the "gold rush" by charlie chaplin, "battleship potemkin" by sergey eisenstein.

art: international arts and crafts exhibition in paris, new objectivity exhibition in mannheim.

architecture: "pessac housing project near bordeaux" by le corbusier and pierre jeanneret; "soviet pavilion in paris" by konstantin melnikov.