Chronology: 1926 – Bauhaus buildings is finished
walter gropius criticises shortcomings in the workshops, which he attributes among other things to scant consideration for industrial mass production. the workshops are subdivided into teaching and productive sections. "every item is determined by its character, and designing it so that it works properly means researching its character. for it should perfectly serve its purpose; it should be lasting, affordable and pleasing to the eye." (walter gropius, 1925).
topping-out ceremony for the bauhaus building, followed by celebration (festival in white) at the community and youth centre.
students move into the studio building.
the workshops move to the bauhaus building and the new constitution is issued. the government of anhalt recognises the bauhaus’s new title of "hochschule für gestaltung" (institute of design). study courses lead to the bauhaus diploma. the bauhaus is an institute for design. its purpose is (1) to shape the intellectual, crafts and technical abilities of creatively talented human beings to equip them for design work, particularly construction, and (2) to perform practical experiments, notably in housing construction and interiors, and to develop models for industry and the manual trades (ordinance of the bauhaus dessau november 1925).
the bauhaus building is inaugurated in the presence of more than 1,000 guests from home and abroad, arousing major international interest. the first issue of the magazine "bauhaus" appears, and the first buildings completed on the törten estate (walter gropius) are presented to the public.
a grassroots association in dessau decides to protest against the "un-German" bauhaus (including a leafleting campaign with a text by dessau architect kurt elster to coincide with the inauguration).
german-soviet neutrality pact (treaty of berlin) signed.
plebiscite on expropriation of the aristocracy defeated.
germany becomes a permanent member of the league of nations, moves towards german-french reconciliation.
Science, Technology and Arts
science and technology: 16 mm film developed. roald amundsen and umberto nobile fly over the north pole in an airship.
literature: "the castle" by franz kafka (posthumously), the "seven pillars of wisdom" by t. e. lawrence.
theatre and music: giaccomo puccini’s last opera "turandot" premiered (posthumously) at la scala, first symphony by dmitry shostakovich.
film: "metropolis" by fritz lang, "nana" by jean renoir, "mother" by vsevolod pudovkin, the "general" by buster keaton.
art: max ernst develops frottage, adolf loos builds a house in paris for tristan tzara, a group of architects establishes der ring