Chronology: 1928 – Hannes Meyer becomes Bauhaus director
B A U H A U S
- Kandinsky exhibitions in Basle and Stuttgart.
- Walter Gropius asks to be relieved of his duties. Beard-nose-heart festival at the Bauhaus (to mark its 9th anniversary).
- Walter Gropius is commissioned to build a new employment office for the city of Dessau (construction work starts in May and the building is completed in May 1929). Walter Gropius’s farewell party. A group of Bauhaus members (Gunta Stölzl, Arieh Sharon and Peer Böcking) go to Moscow where they visit the higher art and technical workshops (Vkhutemas).
- Official resignation of Walter Gropius. Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer and Marcel Breuer leave the Bauhaus along with him. Hannes Meyer is appointed Gropius’s successor at the latter’s suggestion. Hannes Meyer criticises formalist tendencies at the Bauhaus and gears it to scientific principles and the needs of the common people rather than luxuries. Marianne Brandt steps in (until 1929) as director of the metal workshop. Mussorgsky’s "pictures at an exhibition" is performed at the Dessau Friedrich theatre with stage decor by Wassily Kandinsky.
- Wassily Kandinsky painting class exhibits its works at the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie. Oskar Schlemmer starts his "man" course. The Bauhaus exhibits photos by its members. Ernst Kallai becomes editor of the magazine "bauhaus" (until 1929).
- The Bauhaus Dessau is represented at the congress of art educationists in Prague.
- Exhibition and sale of weaved works at the Bauhaus.
- Naum Gabo delivers a series of papers on fundamental design issues.
- Bauhaus members debate modern architecture, the Bauhaus and Vkhutein (fine arts technical school, previously Vkhutemas). Lu Märten presents a paper on historical dialectics and experimentation. Mart Stam becomes a visiting lecturer (until 1929). Alcar Rudelt holds structural engineering classes at the Bauhaus (until 1933).
P O L I T I C S
- Reichstag elections: NSDAP 12, conservative parties 73, national liberals 45, other liberals 25, centrists 78, social democrats 153, communists 54, others 51 seats.
- The government decides with NSDAP support to build ironclad A.
S C I E N C E , T E C H N O L O G Y A N D A R T S
- Science and technology: Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin, first flight around the world.
- Literature: "Orlando" by Virginia Woolf, the "Gypsy Ballads" by Federico Garcia Lorca.
- Theatre and music: "Threepenny opera" by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel.
- Film: "October" by Sergey Eisenstein, first film by Walt Disney featuring Mickey Mouse, "Heir to Genghis Khan, or storm over asia" by Vsevolod Pudovkin.
- Art: "Dutch interior I" by Joan Miró, "Großstadt" by Otto Dix, German edition of "Surrealism and painting" by André Breton.
- Architecture and design: institution of the congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne (ciam) in La Sarraz, Switzerland, Rusakov workers club, Moscow by Konstantin Melnikov.