Chronology: 1930 – Mies becomes Bauhaus director
B A U H A U S
- Developed in 1929, the Bauhaus wallpaper is now available retail and becomes the school most successful product. Eduard Heiberg teaches architecture at the Bauhaus (until the middle of the year). Visiting lecturer Karel Teige holds a course on contemporary literature and typography.
- Bauhaus carnival with political protests by students, Bauhaus attacked in the right-wing press. A group of students (including Hubert Hoffmann) start a study on the Dessau housing master plan which three Bauhaus members continue after graduating by arrangement with Walter Gropius. The study produces 47 plans, which are presented at the 4th CIAM congress in 1933.
- Visiting lecturer Count Karlfried von Dürckheim delivers papers on design psychology (intermittently until 1932).
- Tenants move into new housing blocks with balcony access built by Hannes Meyer on the extended Törten estate in Dessau: “two-bedroom apartments with kitchen, bathroom and all mod cons for 37.50 marks a month! At last a project in the spirit of a new Bauhaus.” (Hannes Meyer, 1930). Hannes Meyer is called to account for the growing politicisation of the Bauhaus and dismissed by the city of Dessau as communist-oriented students step up their activities.
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is appointed new Bauhaus director. He streamlines study courses and focuses more on architecture, notably the connection between the technology of building and aesthetic issues. Workshop activities are slashed. Mies van der Rohe seeks to keep the Bauhaus out of all political conflicts and expels the communist-oriented students.
- The Bauhaus gets a new constitution which forbids all political student activities. All students have to renew their application with the Bauhaus at the beginning of the winter semester.
P O L I T I C S
- First NSDAP minister in a provincial government (Thuringia)
- 3.5 million jobless in Germany. Reichstag approves Young plan. Fall of grand coalition under Hermann Müller (SPD). Minority cabinet led by Heinrich Brüning.
- Hindenburg dissolves the Reichstag. Presidential government with emergency decrees under article 48 of the Weimar Constitution.
- Reichstag elections: NSDAP 107, conservative parties 41, national liberals 30, other liberals 20, centrists 87, social democrats 143, communists 77, others 72 seats.
- 4.4 million jobless, new emergency decrees.
S C I E N C E , T E C H N O L O G Y A N D A R T S
- Science and technology: Planet Pluto discovered, theory of metallic conductivity. First wireless telecommunications, First airmail across the Atlantic, opening of the Museum of Hygiene with the "Man of glass" in Dresden.
- Literature: "The man without qualities" by Robert Musil, "The revolt of the masses" by José Ortega y Gasset.
- Theatre: "Rise and fall of the town of Mahoganny" by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill, "Transatlantic" by George Antheil.
- Film: "The blue angel" by Josef von Sternberg, "Animal crackers" by Marks Brothers, "Little Caesar" by Mervin le Roy.
- Art: "Manifesto of art concret" by Theo van Doesburg, "Zapata" by Diego Rivera, "War" by Otto Dix, exhibition of the société des artistes décorateurs français in Paris.
- Architecture: Chrysler building in New York by William van Alen, 3rd CIAM meeting debates rational development planning in Brussels.