Chronology: 1931 – Klee and Stölzl are leaving the Bauhaus

B A U H A U S

  • Paul Klee takes up a post at the Düsseldorf academy.
     
  • The workshops and architecture department are merged to become the building and interior decoration department.
     
  • Gunta Stölzl leaves the Bauhaus, Anni Albers stands in as head of the weaving workshop.
     
  • Gret Palucca dances in the assembly hall.
     
  • Council elections in Dessau. The NSDAP demands as the first point on its campaign poster that the bauhaus be deprived of its funding and the building demolished. The nazis become the strongest party in Dessau.
     
  • Bauhaus concert (with Henry Cowell and others).

P O L I T I C S

  • 5 million unemployed in Germany.
     
  • Emergency decree abolishes the right to demonstrate.  Darmstädter bank and national bank collapse.
     
  • Second Brüning cabinet. Far right Harzburg front (NSDAP, DNVP, Stahlhelm). Hitler wins support of leading german industrialists.
     
  • Mass redundancies in large-scale industry.

S C I E N C E ,   T E C H N O L O G Y   A N D   A R T S

  • Science and technology: Discovery of radio waves from space, incompleteness theorem by Kurt Gödel, Graf Zeppelin airship flies over the Arctic.
     
  • Literature: "Castle Gripsholm" by Kurt Tucholsky, "Airman’s Odyssey" by Antoine St. Exupéry, "The captain from Köpenick" by Carl Zuckmayer.
     
  • Theatre: Federico Garcia Lorca founds La Barraca theatre group.
     
  • Art: abstraction-création group founded in Paris, Whitney Museum of American Art opens in New York.
     
  • Film: "M" by Fritz Lang, "City lights" by Charlie Chaplin, "Frankenstein" by James Whale.
     
  • Architecture and design: German building exhibition in Berlin, Villa Savoye at Poissy by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, empire state building completed in New York. Berlin broadcasting centre by Hans Poelzig.