Chronology: 1932 – Bauhaus Dessau is closed, migration to Berlin
B A U H A U S
- Lily Reich appointed to head the interior decoration department. Mounting political conflicts among the students. A group of Bauhaus students daub communist party slogans on Wassily Kandinsky’s house.
- Oskar Schlemmer paintings exhibited at the Bauhaus.
- Completion and handing over of a refreshment kiosk built for a Dessau owner close to the masters’ houses (designer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, site manager: Eduard Ludwig)
- Architect Paul Schultze-Naumburg, Prime Minister Freyberg, Council Leader Hofmann and a certain Mr. Sommer (NSDAP) visit the Bauhaus in the company of Lord Mayor Fritz Hesse. A few days later the NSDAP in Dessau initiates a motion for the closure of the Bauhaus. The students petition newspapers and the President of the Reich.
- Councilors led by Fritz Hesse visit the Bauhaus. Architect Theodor Fischer, Munich, publishes an article calling for the preservation of the Bauhaus. The council meeting approves the NSDAP motion for the closure of the Bauhaus and the dismissal of all teaching staff with only four votes against (3 KPD, 1 Lord Mayor Hesse) and the SPD abstaining. Mayor Hofmeister forbids the Bauhaus to use the lower case. Mies holds talks on the relocation of the Bauhaus to Magdeburg or Berlin.
- The Bauhaus moves to Berlin. Its new home is a former telephone factory in Siemensstraße, borough of Steglitz. In talks with the city of Dessau, Mies van der Rohe manages to secure the rights to the Bauhaus name and license revenues. The Bauhaus in Berlin is Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s private school.
P O L I T I C S
- Reich presidential elections: Hindenburg 18 million votes, Hitler 11 million votes, Thälmann 5 million votes.
- Hindenburg dismisses Chancellor Brüning.
- Franz von Papen administration (centrist) is appointed. Hindenburg dissolves the Reichstag.
- Lausanne conference: reparations concluded with a final payment of 3 billion Reichsmark.
- Reichstag elections: NSDAP 230, conservative parties 37, national liberals 7, other liberals 4, centrists 97, social democrats 133, communists 89, others 11 seats.
- Hindenburg rejects Hitler as Chancellor.
- Reichstag dissolved.
- Reichstag elections: NSDAP 196, conservative parties 52, national liberals 11, other liberals 2, centrists 90, social democrats 121, communists 100, others 12 seats.
- Kurt von Schleicher becomes Chancellor. Armament restrictions in the treaty of Versailles abolished.
S C I E N C E , T E C H N O L O G Y A N D A R T S
- Science and technology: discovery of the neutron and deuterium, Auguste Piccard ascends to 16,940 m in a hot air balloon, socioeconomic theory of art by Max Raphael.
- Literature: "Little man, what now" by Hans Fallada, "Brave new world" by Aldous Huxley.
- Theatre and music: "Moses und Aaron" by Arnold Schönberg.
- Film: "Borinage" by Joris Ivens and Henri Storck, "Kuhle Wampe" by Slatan Dudow, first Venice Film Festival.
- Art: surrealist exhibition in New York, major Picasso retrospective in Zurich.
- Architecture and design: the International Style Exhibition in New York, Frank Lloyd Wright sets up the Taliesin Fellowship.