Chronology: 1933 – Bauhaus is closed for good

B A U H A U S

  • Almost 700 people join in the Bauhaus festival throughout the building. The masters each design a department of their own.
     
  • Police search the Bauhaus on the orders of the Dessau district attorney’s office, 32 students are detained for one to two days and an application is made for the closure of the Bauhaus.
     
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe dissolves the Bauhaus at the start of the summer semester with the masters’ consent.

P O L I T I C S

  • Kurt von Schleicher resigns as Chancellor. Hindenburg asks Hitler, Hugenberg and von Papen to form a government. Communists call for a united front and a general strike.
     
  • Hindenburg dissolves the Reichstag, new elections scheduled, demonstrations banned.
     
  • SA, SS and Stahlhelm become police auxiliaries.
     
  • Fire in the Reichstag. Final Reichstag elections: NSDAP 288, DNVP 53, centrists 73, social democrats 110, communists 81, german people’s party 19 seats. NSDAP declares communist seats invalid and orders arrest of communist members of the Reichstag, giving Nazis an absolute parliamentary majority.
     
  • Empowerment act (government can enact legislation without the Reichstag).
     
  • Gestapo founded.
     
  • Labor unions abolished. Banned books burned in Berlin.
     
  • Social democrats outlawed. Other parties dissolve themselves.
     
  • Germany leaves the League of Nations. Legislation on the unity of party and state.

S C I E N C E ,   T E C H N O L O G Y   A N D   A R T S

  • Science and technology: H. C. Urey isolates heavy water, auto speed record of 437.91 km/h, freeways built in the United States and Germany.
     
  • Literature: "Blood wedding" by Federico Garcia Lorca, "Man’s fate" by André Malraux.
     
  • Theatre: School of American Ballet founded.
     
  • Film: "The crimes of Dr. Mabuse" by Fritz Lang, "King Kong" by E. B. Schoedsack, "The invisible man" by James Whale.
     
  • Art: Edward Hopper exhibition at MoMA, New York, Josef Albers at Black Mountain College, USA, Francis Bacon deals with the topic of crucifixion
     
  • Architecture: 4th meeting of CIAM, "The functional city", on a sea journey from Marseilles to Athens (Charter of Athens).