July 22: Lectures and panel discussion
Aula, Bauhaus building
1 pm to 4 pm: Lectures
4.30 pm: Panel discussion with the speakers and the heads of the studios
1.00 pm Dick Urban Vestbro (Stockholm) about the cohousing movement and collaborative housing
Dick Urban Vestbro is professor emeritus of the Royal Institute of Technology and chairman of the union Kollektivhus NU in Stockholm, Sweden. In the 1960s he was one of the founders of the so-called cohousing-movement for collaborative housing, which in various forms is internationally sucessful active today. Especially for workshop 2 "The new Kommune" his contribution to the history and present of cohousing is indispensible due to his experience.
Today’s development of alternative types of housing with communal spaces and shared facilities, called cohousing, has been influenced by utopian visions, practical proposals and implemented projects far back in the past. This presentatioon traces the driving forces behind the various models of cohousing specifically from a design perspective. It is concluded that factors such as the quality of shared spaces, easy access to common rooms and indoor communication, are important for the smooth functioning of cohousing.
2.00 pm Dr. Gerd Scholl (Berlin) about collaborative consumption and consumer behaviour
Dr. Gerd Scholl is a senior researcher at the Institute for Ecological Economy Research (IÖW), Berlin/Germany. He is head of the department “Corporate Management and Consumption”. His main research areas are sustainable consumption and production (SCP), collaborative consumption, and sustainable marketing.
- “Collaborative Consumption and the Consumer – What’s in it for Sustainability?”
His presentation, deals with what has recently been referred to as the “sharing economy”. The old phenomenon of consumption without ownership has experienced a renaissance driven by internet and social media as well as cultural change. The potentials and possible downsides of this development for sustainability will be explored from a consumer perspective.
3.30 pm Cameron Tonkinwise (Pittsburgh)about the changes in the fields of design and education in the age of sharing economy
Cameron Tonkinwise is the director of the faculty of „Design Studies“ of the School of Design at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, USA. His background is philosophy and he did his doctorate on the philosophy of education in the work of Martin Heidegger. From this perspective he developed new degree programs for designers with the aim to adjust the education of designers to the new interdisciplinary requirements in the 21st century. One focus lies on the Sharing Economy and the associated changes in the relation of designers, producers and consumers. In this context the contribution of Cameron Tonkinwise is a key lecture for the opening of the summerschool.
- "Practicing Sharing"
Systems of shared use look initially to be a pathway to a better society: more sustainable and equitable. But mainstream ‘sharing economy’ startups seem to be accelerating us to less sustainable, more inequitable societies. How did this happen?
This presentation will argue that designers of sharing systems have misunderstood the relation between social psychology values and the practices of everyday life. On the one hand, existing sharing systems downplay values, mixing political values with monetization. On the other hand, they overplay social psychology, reframing problems of convenience with questions of identity and trust.
The presentation will explore three responses:
- the innovations in shared domestic services in late 19th Century USA as documented by the architectural historian Dolores Hayden – cases that evidence the need for clear, strong institutionalized values and separate materialization of practices
- the importance of the more social practice based issues of co-ordinated scheduling in sharing systems as noted by Elizabeth Shove and her colleagues research on transitions to more sustainable provisioning
- the ways in which designers can help people negotiate their ‘service roles’ in face-to-face interactions that resist being reduced to those of employees and customers